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The pope alone is infallible in matters of faith and morals when he speaks as the head of the Universal Church.
Thus the jurisdiction of the pope in matters of faith and morals and Church governance extends to all churches, bishops, clergy and faithful. THE LAITY By definition, all those persons who are not clerics are lay people.
Following the cardinals in honor are the archbishops.
The Congregation of Universities and Seminaries - regulates institutions of learning. Peter's Basilica - provides for the management of St. (It is not a canonical congregation but is listed as one.) There are, in addition to the Sacred Congregations, six tribunals, three of justice and three of grace, which are directed to legal matters, both religious and civil. The United States has an apostolic delegate as its representative from the Holy Father. THE HIERARCHY By broad distinction, the membership of the Church is divided into clerics (a man becomes a cleric by first tonsure), religious (brothers, sisters and tertiaries), and laity. The sacred hierarchy of the Church, by reason of holy orders, is made up of bishops, priests and deacons.
Members of the hierarchy may have carious titles, which are conferred upon them because of the office they hold or by dignity. It is thus that the Church alone may interpret the natural and divine law and bind men by her interpretation.The head of the Catholic Church is the pope, the Vicar of Christ on earth, who is the supreme authority in jurisdiction.Thus the Holy Father is a bishop (not only by holy orders but also by consecration as the Bishop of Rome), but by office he is the Supreme Pontiff, just as a priest may be honored by the pope with the titles of Right Revenend or Very Reverend Monsignor while at the same time by office being a pastor.